Trump VS Iran: Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

Trump VS Iran : 'Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action '

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

Formal negotiations toward the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear programme began with the adoption of the Joint Plan of Action, an interim agreement signed between Iran and the P5+1 countries in November 2013.

For the next 20 months, Iran and the P5+1 countries engaged in negotiations, and in April 2015 agreed on an Iran nuclear deal framework for the final agreement and in July 2015, Iran and the P5+1 agreed on the plan.

Under the agreement, Iran agreed to eliminate its stockpile of medium-enriched uranium, cut its stockpile of low-enriched uranium by 98%, and reduce by about two-thirds the number of its gas centrifuges for 13 years.

For the next 15 years, Iran will only enrich uranium up to 3.67%. Iran also agreed not to build any new heavy-water facilities for the same period of time. Uranium-enrichment activities will be limited to a single facility using first-generation centrifuges for 10 years.

Other facilities will be converted to avoid proliferation risks. To monitor and verify Iran’s compliance with the agreement, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will have regular access to all Iranian nuclear facilities. The agreement provides that in return for verifiably abiding by its commitments, Iran will receive relief from the United States of America, the European Union, and the United Nations Security Council nuclear-related economic sanctions.

(ISNA) – Iran has fully complied with its commitments under last year’s landmark nuclear agreement and has taken new steps in collecting infrastructures related to centrifuges at Fordow as IAEA Director General has confirmed, Iran’s atomic energy chief insisted.

In an interview with Al Jazeera, Iran’s atomic energy chief Ali Akbar Salehi, on the first anniversary of the nuclear agreement known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), said: “In the legal aspect linked to cases of inspection and the Additional Protocol, we believe there is no problem but in the political aspect and the issues related to sanctions there are some problems because the US failing to deliver its promises.”

“Apparently the US pretends that it delivers its promises but actually it is not doing any especial thing because if it has delivered on the promises, the sanction would be removed and the banking transactions would go back to normal, that trade would speed up and economic relations would be enhanced,” he added.

“If the US adhere to the nuclear agreement, it’s so good and that’s what we want but if Trump administration nixes the deal, Iran could quickly ramp that program back up,” he said.

“Iran would be able to go back to its nuclear activities with high speed. We can very easily snap back and go back not only to where we were but a much higher position technologically speaking. I don’t want to see that day. I don’t want to make a decision in that course, but we are prepared,” Salehi stressed.

Brian Frydenborg is an American analyst and a member of Russian International Affairs Council with expertise in politics who has extensive ideas about what is happening in the US.

Frydenborg answers to ISNA’s questions  which you can read below:

Q: The US election has passed, but we can truly see the polarised atmosphere in American society; how do you anticipate the political and social situation after 20 Jan?

Q: How do you assess actual internal atmosphere of Republican ruling party?

Q: What would be Trump administration’s reaction to this differences and splits?

Q: Some analysts believe the Trump campaign’s rhetoric is not the cornerstone of his policies, what would be your stance toward this?

Q: The US nuclear suitcase is in Trump’s hands now, do you think there should be any doubt about it?

Q: How the situation could be in face of Iran?

Q: Trump repeatedly said that he is not for JCPOA, although EU senior officials say it is beyond Trump’s authorities to make any changes to this agreement; what would be your explanation on this issue?

Q: And finally, do you believe amid tensions which still are in the two countries’ relationship, especially regarding US sanctions and Iran’s nuclear programme, and that so far have not vanished as was predicted after JCPOA, that it would be possible that Iran and US could be better friends rather than enemies?

References

Don’t make mistake! Trump is Trump! (2017, January 24). Retrieved January 27, 2017, from
http://en.isna.ir/news/95110503460/Don-t-make-mistake-Trump-is-Trump

US failing to deliver nuclear deal promises: Salehi. (2017, January 17). Retrieved January 27, 2017, from
http://en.isna.ir/news/95110503349/US-failing-to-deliver-nuclear-deal-promises-Salehi

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. (n.d.). Retrieved January 27, 2017, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_Comprehensive_Plan_of_Action

Post Author: Shahab Rashidhashemi

Shahab Rashidhashemi is a student of Business Management at Marbella International University Centre. Before going to Marbella, he studied Industrial Management at Islamic Azad University of Tehran in Iran for three years. He was a member of the Student Council at the school from 2006-10-12 to 2013-06-07 and the school choir for three years.

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